Laser skin rejuvenation: the main features of the procedure

Even perfect skin ages over time. This process is inevitable and forces us to look for ever new ways to bring back youth. Among them, laser rejuvenation is proud. Laser cosmetology procedures based on the use of a laser have been around for more than a decade and have proven to be the best. They cope with age-related changes and skin defects.

Laser Update - What Is It?

This rejuvenation method is not surgical, and the effects of its use are achieved fairly quickly. The whole course consists of several procedures, but after the first you can see the results.

This type of rejuvenation is based on the principle of using laser beams, the flow of which is directed to individual areas of the skin using a hardware system for the procedure. After such exposure, changes begin to occur in the skin.

Old and damaged cells eventually die when exposed to the laser, and conversely, this has a positive effect on young cells. Under the influence of laser beams, they first actively divide, and secondly, they release collagen and elastin, proteins that are responsible for the youthfulness of the skin. As a result, the cell tissue is regenerated.

Depending on the degree of sensitivity, an anesthetic is applied at the site of laser exposure prior to the procedure.

Thanks to this procedure, you can even cope with deep wrinkles, pigmentation and enlarged pores, smooth the skin surface and face color, significantly reduce bags and dark circles under the eyes, make the skin more elastic and make the face more comfortable. tightened oval.

facial skin before and after laser rejuvenation

Even after the first laser treatments, the skin becomes smoother and firmer.

Types of laser skin rejuvenation

The skin laser exposure procedure is based on the same principles, but at the same time it has varieties. In each case, the characteristics of its implementation will differ from each other.

Fractional photothermolysis

It got its name from the division of the laser beam, which acts on local areas of the skin, into individual beams of smaller diameter. This method is called fractionation. Its essence is that the laser does not affect every cell in the treated area, but the zones that change in a certain order. This method is considered to be the most optimal for achieving results.

The effect of split (fractional) beam is the mildest compared to the effect of undivided rays, because not the entire surface of the skin receives laser microprojection, but only individual areas of it, which later form the grid frame. This is quite enough to achieve the desired result. There are two types of photothermolysis: ablative and non-ablative.

Ablation (ablation rejuvenation method)

This type of laser uses carbon dioxide and erbium lasers with wavelengths up to 10600 nm. The upper layer of the skin (epidermis) has the ability to absorb laser waves of carbon dioxide, so the effect is mainly in the upper layers of the skin. This procedure is suitable for skin with superficial changes (small wrinkles, pigmentation, the first age-related changes).

Non-ablative (non-ablative)

In this case, lasers with a different properties are used - a diode (wavelength up to 800 nm). Such rays do not affect the epidermis but pass unimpeded through it. The result is an effect on the deep layers of the skin and the upper ones intact. This procedure is suitable for skin with more serious changes and defects (strong pigmentation, deep wrinkles).

During ablation, the laser beam affects not only the deep layers of the skin but also the superficial ones. The non-ablative laser penetrates deep into the tissue without damaging the skin surface.

Laser peeling of coal

A multifunctional procedure involving several directions of exposure simultaneously. In addition to laser exposure, carbon peeling provides a rejuvenating effect. The principle of operation is based on the use of a carbon gel containing carbon dioxide particles and the subsequent exposure to laser beams.

laser skin rejuvenation

Carbon peeling is considered to be one of the most effective ways to cleanse and improve the skin.

The procedure consists of two stages. Initially applied to the skin, the gel penetrates deep tissues, where it binds dead cells as well as other unnecessary contaminants. In the second stage, the final cleansing of all skin layers is performed by laser (laser photothermolysis).

Peeling charcoal is a great remedy not only for age-related changes but also for skin imperfections. For example, it can be successfully used to remove acne.

DOT rejuvenation

Optical thermolysis of the skin is a cosmetic laser procedure that has been around for more than a decade and has proven its worth. It is performed using specialized devices and is a type of fractional photothermolysis.

DOT is one of the few technologies that can significantly reduce the severity of scars and stretch marks.

Perfect for thin, rapidly aging areas of the skin such as the neck and décolleté. Fights scars, scars and stretch marks.

Laser biorevitalization

Qualitatively different from injection. Its essence, as in the case of injection, is the subcutaneous administration of hyaluronic acid, but this is done using a diode laser, called a laser phase.

The use of a laser helps to achieve a deeper penetration of hyaluronic acid under the skin, so this special biorevitalization method gives excellent results. It is suitable for skin with early age changes and shallow wrinkles.

Pros and Cons of Laser Renewal

The laser currently occupies a strong place among the methods for restoring and preserving the youthfulness of facial and body skin. This is not surprising, as it has many advantages over other methods and allows the principles of safety and efficiency to be combined. The following advantages can be distinguished:

  • the ability to achieve a long-term result that can last up to 7 years;
  • absolute security;
  • the comparative non-traumatic nature of the procedure, which means that there is no need for drug preparation and subsequent treatment;
  • there are almost no side effects, which are very rare and relate only to individual characteristics;
  • minimum time spent on the procedure.
  • bonus in the form of improvement of the general condition of the skin: repair of the vascular network, reduction of the amount of acne, narrowing of the pores.

However, this procedure has many drawbacks, which, as a rule, occur during laser photothermolysis as the most intensive laser procedure, depending on the degree of skin exposure:

  • external adverse changes after the procedure: edema, redness, scaly areas, which in some cases can last up to two weeks;
  • skin discomfort, pain in the first days and hypersensitivity for 1-2 months;
  • persistent skin pigmentation (if there is such a tendency);
  • prohibition from being in direct sunlight for 2-3 weeks after laser exposure.

Is the laser suitable for the face, neck, hands?

This procedure can be performed not only on the face, but also almost anywhere on the body. Clinics offering rejuvenation services generally do not restrict their clients from choosing an exposure site in the absence of contraindications. At the same time, thin areas of skin can also be laser rejuvenated: the arms, the areas around the eyes, including the eyelids, and the neck. Recently, the plastic of the intimate area has become popular. But leaders are still open areas: face, neck, and décolleté.

Indications for non-surgical facial contour lift

The laser, as a broad-spectrum tool, will help against the following ailments:

  • fine wrinkles;
  • age-related skin changes, deep wrinkles;
  • loss of skin elasticity;
  • age-related changes in the oval of the face;
  • bags and dark circles under the eyes;
  • initial stages of eyelid sagging;
  • sagging skin;
  • the presence of age spots;
  • acne and post-acne;
  • enlarged pores;
  • sebaceous gland disorder, excessively oily skin.

Contraindications

As for contraindications, they include:

  • any damage to the skin in the area of intended exposure, including inflammatory processes;
  • neoplasms, moles;
  • pregnancy and lactation;
  • sunburn on the affected area of the skin or a visit to the solarium for two weeks before the laser rejuvenation procedure;
  • perform cosmetic skin manipulations in the affected area, including chemical peeling, in less than a month;
  • dermatitis and allergic reactions;
  • diabetes;
  • acute inflammatory diseases of the body or chronic - during exacerbation;
  • epilepsy;
  • oncology.

In addition, you should be aware of the side effects after the procedure - swelling, itching, skin irritation and redness. They last up to two weeks. The degree of intensity depends on the individual characteristics of the skin and the whole body.

How does the procedure work?

This procedure consists of several steps.

  1. Skin preparation in advance. Provides skin care for at least 2 weeks prior to laser exposure. This is done independently and follows a gentle regimen: removal of aggressive cosmetic procedures (peeling), refusal to visit the solarium or be in the open sun. During this period, you can use special measures recommended by the specialist who will perform the procedure. For example, these may be placental medications to enhance the effects of the laser. However, the use of blood thinners (aspirin, etc. ) should be discontinued.
  2. Skin cleansing. This is already done in the cosmetology office to prevent infection.
  3. preparation for laser skin rejuvenation
  4. Anesthesia. It is performed topically without injections. Special painkillers are applied to the skin. The effect of their application lasts 30-60 minutes.
  5. Laser exposure. It is performed by a specialist at pre-selected areas of the skin. The duration of exposure depends on the area to be treated. On average, this takes 10 to 60 minutes.
  6. Disinfectant. For disinfection purposes, the skin is treated with antibacterial drugs of choice.
  7. Applying a revitalizing cream with antibacterial effect.
  8. Rehabilitation. This is usually not done by a clinician, but on their own. In this case, it is necessary to receive recommendations on rehabilitation measures after the procedure. Typically, these include limiting water treatments and the use of anti-burn creams.

You can find deals online to buy laser devices for rejuvenating your home. Using them, the algorithm of the procedure is greatly simplified. At the same time, however, the effect will not be as impressive as with a procedure performed using a professional apparatus in a clinic. The fact is that such a home appliance has very weak power, making it completely safe to use it alone.

On the one hand, it will help to avoid the burns and side effects that are noticeable after laser rejuvenation using professional equipment. However, on the other hand, the laser used at home is several times weaker and cannot cope with deep wrinkles, scars, and other noticeable defects. At the same time, it can increase skin tone and remove small wrinkles and the first age-related changes.

Course duration

Laser exposure, among other benefits, attracts the speed of the result. This can be seen after the first procedure. As the swelling and redness subsides, it becomes clear that the skin is smoother and firmer. However, this is not enough to achieve a clear and lasting result. In total, at least three or four procedures must be performed.

The exact number of procedures is determined by the characteristics of the skin.

It is necessary to take breaks between procedures so that the skin has time to fully recover. Typically, the interval is from 1 to 6 months, depending on the purpose of the laser application and the individual programs created. This time is quite sufficient for treatment and preparation for the next procedure.

When using a laser for rejuvenation, you need to be very careful and be prepared for the side effects that occur immediately after laser exposure. However, after restoring the skin, you can see impressive results. The complexity of the procedure pays off in its effectiveness. That’s why, despite the temporary discomfort, the laser rejuvenation method has so many fans.